“Christopher Columbus”(2)

April 26.2017

photo above of Horace Henderson by courtesy of Discos

Leon Chu Berry had developed a saxophone riff that became the prototype of the “Christopher Columbus”.

Then Horace apparently submitted a version crediting himself and Berry as co-composers.

Then Joe Davis, who was publisher in Chicago, published the arrangement under the names of Leon Berry as sole composer.

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photo above of Horace Henderson by courtesy of pinterest.

So Horace Henderson received no official credit.

Unfortunately Fletcher Henderson had often caused some problem with his works.

Fletcher Henderson himself remains a shadowy figure in those days.

His attitude was also cold to his brother.

Walter C.Allen wrote about their money matter, “Fletcher got $100, but poor Horace got NOTHING.”

Andy Kirk And His Orchestra

Andy Kirk And His Orchestra pose for a studio group portrait, with Pha Terrell and Mary Lou Williams sitting at the piano, in 1940 in the United States. (Photo by Gilles Petard/Redferns)

Nevertheless several bands and record companies recognized the potential of “Christopher Columbus”.

Within a five-month span of 1936, thirteen bands recorded the piece on ten different labels, including one each in Paris and London.

Five of those recordings ranked among the best-selling records of 1936
(by Henderson, Andy Kirk, Benny Goodman, Teddy Wilson, and Louis “King” Garcia).

teddy-wilson-christopher-columbus-a-rhythm-cocktail-brunswick-78

Photo by 45worlds.com

In those days Fletcher Henderson had earned $2,000 for one night.

Horace Henderson played a key role in putting the arrangement on paper.

Currently the name of Horace Henderson seems to have been forgotten.

I guess Horace Henderson has been underestimated in Jazz History.

“Christopher Columbus”の原型はChu Berryのサックスリフでした。
その後、Horace HendersonはChu Berryを共同の作編曲者として出版社に申請しました。しかし出版社はHorace Hendersonを作編曲者として認めなかった。
兄Fletcher Hendersonも弟に冷たくこの曲についての報酬を払っていない。
この曲の成立について裏話が多いですが、他のバンドやレコード会社の評価は高かった。
1936年には、13バンドが録音し、その内5曲がベストセラーになっています。
当時、兄Fletcher Hendersonは一晩に2,000ドル以上の報酬を稼いだ。
弟Horace Hendersonは編曲者として兄を支えていました。
現在、Horace Hendersonの名前はジャズし史では忘れられた存在になってしましました。彼はもっと評価されていいジャズマンであると思います。

Here is Andy Kirk and his band Play “Christopher Columbus”.

Here is Henry Red Allen and Kid Ory play “Christopher Columbus”.

Here is Teddy Wilson plays “Christopher Columbus”.

Here is The Ink Spots sing “Christopher Columbus”.

Here is Fletcher Henderson play “Christopher Columbus” (1938)

 

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