月別アーカイブ: 2017年9月

The early recordings by Dexter Gordon(3)

September 7.2017

Photo above of Dexter Gordon by courtesy of OKMusic

In 1944 Dexter Gordon joined the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra.

Fletcher Henderson arrived in Los Angeles on April 18, with only eight men.

In other words, Dexter Gordon was a locally procured member.

They went to LA for  the opening show of the Joe Morriis’ Club Plantation.

It was California’s Larget Harlem Night Club.

I will quote an article from Downbeat Magazine.

Down Beat、May 15,1944

“He[Fletcher Henderson] had picked up good local men as replacements and they were doing pretty smooth job on that very difficult book of Fletcher’.”

Photo by University of Colorado Boulder

1944年にDexter GordonはFletcher Henderson Orchestraに加入しました。

4月18日、Fletcher Hendersonは主要メンバー8人のみを連れてロサンゼルス空港に到着しました。

謂わばDexter Gordonは現地調達メンバーの一人であったようです。

ロサンゼルスではJoe Morriisが経営するClub Plantationでのオープニングショーに出演しました。

Club Plantationは当時カリフォルニアでもスケールの大きいナイトクラブだったそうです。

以下、1944年5月15日Down Beat誌の記事を引用します。

「Fletcher Hendersonは地元での交代要員として腕利きの演奏家を採用し、尚且つ彼らもHenderson 楽団の難しい楽譜を難なくこなし素晴らしい演奏を行なっている」

AFRS(軍用放送番組)に収録されたFletcher Henderson OrchestraにおけるDexter Gordonの演奏がYouTubeで聞くことができるのは嬉しいです。(ハリウッドのNBCスタジオで録音されました)

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “I Got Rhythm”.

Tony DiNardi, Jake Porter, Clint Waters, Leroy White (trumpet) Allen Durham, George Washington (trombone) Emerson Harper, Sahib Shihab (alto sax) Dexter Gordon, Woodrow Keys (tenor sax) Herman Johnson (baritone sax) Horace Henderson (piano, arranger) unknown nicknamed “Chief” (bass) Gene “Tubby” Shelton (drums) Fletcher Henderson (conductor, arranger) NBC Studio, Hollywood, CA, April 24, 1944

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Bugle Blues”.
Members of the recording are the same as above.

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Keep ‘Em Swingin’”.
Members of the recording are the same as above.

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Stompin’ At The Savoy”.
Members of the recording are the same as above.

The early recordings by Dexter Gordon(2)

September 6.2017

Photo by courtesy of Pinterest

Today I carefully listened to his first leader recordings.

I think that his playing style at that time was strongly influenced by Lester Young.

I found an interesting interview about his influence.

I quoted his interview by Down Beat magazine.

“Lester … played very melodic.

Everything he played you could sing.

「…」

That kind of musical philosophy is what I try to do.”

Portrait of Thelonious Monk, Howard McGhee, Roy Eldridge, and Teddy Hill, Minton’s Playhouse, New York, N.Y., ca. Sept. 1947] | Library of Congress

When Dexter Gordon visited to New York City with the Hampton band, he sat in at

Minton’s Playhouse with Ben Webster and Lester Young.

This was to be one of the most important moments in his long musical career.

I listened to his performance ”Sweet Lorraine” again.

I guess that he was pleased to play with Harry Edison and Nat King Cole.

今日、Dexter Gordonの初のリーダー作品(4曲)を丁寧に聴きました。

当時の演奏スタイルは Lester Youngの影響を強く受けていたようです。

Lester Youngについて興味深いインタビュー記事がありました。

以下ダウンビート誌のインタビュー記事を引用しました。

「Lesterの旋律は新鮮でした。歌っているように演奏している。
(中略)
私は何としてもLesterのような演奏をしたかった。」

1943年、 Dexter Gordon がHampton楽団の一員としてニューヨークにきた時、Minton’s PlayhouseでBen Webster and Lester Youngと並んで座り共演しました。

この時の音楽経験は彼の楽歴の中で最重要な出来事でありました。

4曲の内「Sweet Lorraine」をもう一度聞き直しました。

Harry Edison and Nat King Coleと共演できLester Youngになった気分だったでしょう。

Here is Dexter Gordon Quintet plays “I Blowed and Gone”.
Harry Edison (tp),Dexter Gordon (ts),Nat King Cole (p),possibly Red Callender or Johnny Miller (b), Juicy Owens (ds) Los Angeles, CA, late 1943 or circa July, 1944

Here is Dexter Gordon Quintet plays “Rosetta”.
Members of the recording are the same as above.

Here is Dexter Gordon Quintet plays “Sweet Lorraine”.
Members of the recording are the same as above.

The early recordings by Dexter Gordon(1)

September 6.2017

Yesterday I introduced ”Gettin’ Around” by Dexter Gordon.

This week I would like to post about  Dexter’s early recordings.

Dexter Gordon had been fortunate from the beginning.

His father was a well-known doctor who counted Duke Ellington and Lionel Hampton among his patients.

His father was also an avid jazz fan, and introduced Dexter to the music at an early age.

He took up the clarinet at age 13, switching to the saxophone shortly thereafter.

Photo above by jazzinphoto-Wordpress.com
Melba Liston and Dexter Gordon joke around during a
Dial Records recording session on June 5th, 1947
in Los Angeles.

Also he became friend with Melba Liston in McKinley Junior High School.

About Melba Liston, please refer to my past articles.Go here

His hometown Los Angeles was a center for jazz and a hotspot for the developing bebop style.

While he was still a teenager, he began to stand out as a saxophonist.

Photo by courtesy of California Perspectives on American History

Then he began his music career in 1940 with Lionel Hampton’s orchestra.

He belonged to Lionel Hampton’s band for three years.

In 1943 he made his first recordings as a band leader at age 20.

今週はDexter Gordonの初期の録音について調べてみたいと思います。

Dexter Gordonは生まれた時から幸運な人生を歩むことになります。

彼の父はDuke EllingtonやLionel Hamptonを診ていた有名な医者でした。

父は熱心なジャズファンで息子には早い時期から音楽に触れさせました。

Dexter Gordonは13歳でクラリネットを演奏し始め、その後すぐにサックスに転向しました。

又、McKinley中学校ではMelba Listonと友人となっています。

Melba Listonについてはこちらをクリックして下さい。

戦後の Los Angeles はジャズの中心地であり、ビバップスタイルのジャズが盛んに演奏されていました。

Dexter Gordonはまだ十代の若さにも関わらず、サックス奏者として頭角を現すようになりました。

プロとしての最初の音楽活動は1940年のLionel Hampton’s orchestraとの仕事でした。

その後Lionel Hampton’s orchestraに3年間所属することになります。

1943年、20歳で初リーダー録音を行なっています。

Here is Lionel Hampton And His Orchestra play ”Nola”.
Karl George, Joe Newman, Ernie Royal (trumpet) Fred Beckett, Sonny Craven, Harry Sloan (trombone) Marshall Royal (alto sax, clarinet) Ray Perry (alto sax, violin) Dexter Gordon, Illinois Jacquet (tenor sax) Jack McVea (baritone sax) Lionel Hampton (vibes ) Milt Buckner (piano) Irving Ashby (guitar) Vernon Alley (bass) George Jenkins (drums)
NYC, December 24, 1941

Here is Dexter Gordon Quintet play “I’ve found a new baby”.
Harry Edison (trumpet) Dexter Gordon (tenor sax) Nat King Cole (piano) possibly Red Callender or Johnny Miller (bass) Juicy Owens (drums)
Los Angeles, CA, late 1943 or circa July, 1944