J.C.Higginbotham(6)

April 16.2017

During and after World War II, he played sometimes with Red Allen and sometimes with his own band.

Red Allen was one of the few trumpet players who could parry with Louis Armstrong in the same style.

Photo above of Henry ”Red” Allen Orchestra by courtesy of OKMusic

About Red Allen,please refer to this website.Go here

Also they were a participant in major occasions such as the Newport Festival.

Then he worked once again briefly in 1964 with Louis Armstrong.

He died on May 26, 1973 in New York.

Like many jazz musicians of his generation, Higginbotham was later associated with a “dixieland-style”.

So some jazz fans see him as a dixie style player.

He contributed as one of the swing trombone pioneers.

I hope his evaluation will be evaluated more than now.

JCとRed Allenは仲が良く長い間行動を共にしています。
Red AllenはLouis Armstrong 直系の奏者です。
Red Allenについては詳しいサイトを参照して下さい。こちらをクリック
JCは1973年5月26日、67歳でニューヨークにて永眠しました。
彼の晩年の演奏はディキシー奏者との共演が多かったことから、トロンボーン奏者として過小評価されていると思われます。
しかし、彼はスイングトロンボーンのパイオニアの一人です。
彼の評価が今よりももっと評価されることを願っています。

Here is Henry Red Allen J.C.Higginbotham play “House on “52nd Street”(1946).

Here is Art Ford Jazz Party with J.C.Higginbotham play “Running Wild”.
Charlie Shavers (tp) J.C.Higginbotham (tb) Pee Wee Russell (c1) Coleman Hawkins (ts) Willie”The Lion”Smith (p) Harry Sheppard (vib) Dick Thompson (g) Vinnie Burke (b) Sonny Greer (ds) Sep.25,1958

J.C.Higginbotham(5)

April 14.2017

Photo above of J.C.Higginbotham from Wikipedia

After leaving Fletcher Henderson Orchestra,J.C.Higginbotham joined Benny Carter band in Autumn 1933.

J.C.Higginbotham and Henry ‘Red’ Allen were a close friends from the early Russell days.

Mills_Blue_Rhythm_Band

Photo above of Mills Blue Rhythm Band. From left to right: George Washington, J. C. Higginbotham, Henry “Red” Allen, Wardell Jones and Shelton Hemphill from Wikipedia

So they joined the Mills Blue Rhythm Band (directed by Lucky Millinder) in 1934.

Then, in 1937, they both rejoined Russell, whose band at the time was fronted by Louis Armstrong.

He was playing a purely supportive role behind Armstrong from 1937 to 1940.

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Eventually he Joined Henry ‘Red’ Allen sextet (as co-leader) in December 1940 and worked regularly with Henry Allen until February 1947.

By the way there is evidence that JC ‘s solo performance was admired from others.

His coda of “Higginbotham Blues” was later developed into “Organ Grinder’s Swing” .

“Organ Grinder’s Swing” by Jimmie Lunceford had imitated the ending of “Higginbotham Blues.

”Please listen and compare “Organ Grinder’s Swing” with “the coda of Higginbotham Blues”

Jimmie_Lunceford_Orch

Photo above of Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra

Fletcher Henderson楽団を去った後、Benny Carter bandとも共演しました。
1934年、J.C.HigginbothamとHenly “Red” Allenは the Mills Blue Rhythm Band に参加しました。
1937年から1940年、Louis Armstrong楽団に加入しDeccaに名演奏を残しています。
1940年12月以降1947年2月までHenry ‘Red’ Allenと双頭バンドを結成しました。

彼の演奏が「如何に愛されていたか」についての事例があります。
“Higginbotham Blues”のソロ演奏は、後日”Organ Grinder’s Swing”の原曲になりました。
Jimmie Luncefordの “Organ Grinder’s Swing”と “Higginbotham Blues”のエンディングソロを聞き比べて下さい。

Here is The Mills Blue Rhythm Band play “Red Rhythm”.
Henry Allen, Wardell Jones, Shelton Hemphill (tp), possibly J. C. Higginbotham, George Washington (tb), Tab Smith, Gene Michaels (cl, as), Crawford Wethington, Joe Garland (reeds), Edgar Hayes (p), Lawrence Lucie (g), Elmer James (b), O’Neil Spencer (dm), Lucky Millinder (dir), George Washington(vo). May 20, 1936

Here is Louis Armstrong his Orchestra play “Something Tells Me “.
Louis Armstrong (tp, vo), Shelton Hemphill (tp), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Rupert Cole (cl, as), Charlie Holmes (as), Bingie Madison (cl, ts), Luis Russell (p), Lee Blair (g), Red Callender (b), Paul Barbarin (dm)May 18, 1938

Here is Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra plays “On The Sunny Side Of The Street”.
Louis Armstrong (tp, vo), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Charlie Holmes (as), Bingie Madison (cl, ts), Luis Russell (p), Lee Blair (g), Red Callender (b), Paul Barbarin (dm). Nov. 15, 1937

Here is J C Higginbotham and His Six Hicks play “Higginbotham Blues”.
Henry “Red” Allen (cnt), J.C. Higginbotham (tb,ldr) ,Charlie Holmes (as), Luis Russell (p) ,Will Johnson (bj,g), Pops Foster (b), Paul Barbarin (ds)
February 5, 1930

Here is Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra play “Organ Grinder’s Swing”.

J.C. Higginbotham(4)

April 13.2017

I took this picture from my own “Hendersonia”.

In 1931, J.C. Higginbotham left Luis Russell’s band and briefly joined Chick Webb’s band.

Then he joined Fletcher Henderson’s orchestra.

I will quote a description that accurately expresses his change in this era.

“When JCH joined Fletcher Henderson he began a transistion where the roar from the wilderness and the brassy shakes went out to make room for a more relaxed solo voice.” by Tom Buhmann .

To my delight they had recorded my favorite song “Sugar Foot Stomp”.

Hammond at a recording session with Buck Clayton, Lester Young, Charlie Christian, Benny Goodman and Count Basie. Photo courtesy Frank Driggs Collection.(by Riverwalk Jazz)

Also John Hammond had produced two songs a long solo performance of J.C.,”Honeysuckle Rose” and ”New King Porter Stomp”.

J.C. Higginbotham showed a terrific performance as belonging the eternal Hall of Fame for jazz recordings.

In Addition I will quote “Hendersonia” by Walter C. Allen.

By the way, the great Higginbotham, no slouch himself for gutsy playing, expressed his unbounded admiration for Coleman Hawkins :
“Nobody can outplay him. He’s my man. One time on the Fletcher Henderson band, he took on everybody. Five brass and three rhythm couldn’t drown him out. He stood up, turned around and faced us, and nobody could outplay him. ”
( DOWN BEAT, January 8, 1959, p. 13)

Today I choose three songs that he played long solo performance (over 32 bars) .

I referred to Tom Buhmann’s Solographer. Go here

1931年、Fletcher Henderson’s orchestraに加入しました。私のお気にりの曲「Sugar Foot Stomp」も再度録音しました。又、John HammondもJCを高く評価し、珍しく32小節のソロを演奏した2曲を製作しました。J.C. Higginbotham 研究家のTom Buhmann ”Solographer”を参考にしました。

こちらをクリックして下さい。

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Sugar Foot Stomp (Solo 36 bars)”.

Rex Stewart (cnt, vo), Russell Smith, Bobby Stark (tp), Claude Jones (tb, vo), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Russell Procope, Edgar Sampson (cl, as), Coleman Hawkins (cl, ts), Fletcher Henderson (p, arr), Clarence Holiday (g), John Kirby (tu), Walter Johnson (dm), Nat Leslie (arr). Aug. 1931

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Honeysuckle Rose(Solo 32 bars)”

Rex Stewart (cnt) Russell Smith Bobby Stark (tp)
Sandy Williams J.C. Higginbotham (tb) Hilton Jefferson (as)
Russell Procope (as cl) Coleman Hawkins (ts cl) Fletcher Henderson (p)
Freddy White (g) John Kirby (tu b) Walter Johnson (d) Dec. 9, 1932

Here is Fletcher Henderson Orchestra play ”New King Porter Stomp” (Solo 32 bars)”. Dec. 9, 1932

 

J.C. Higginbotham(3)

April 12.2017

J.C. Higginbotham had first recording with King Oliver & HIS DIXIE SYNCOPATORS Sept. 10, 1928.

Luis Russell was a major member of DIXIE SYNCOPATORS.

In those days King Oliver was suffering from dental problems that impaired his trumpet playing.

Photo above of King Oliver

So The Dixie Syncopators disbanded.

Soon Luis Russell picked up the pieces of the band and formed the Luis Russell Orchestra.

JC joined Luis Russell’s band and they appeared at the Club Harlem on Lenox Ave.

Luis Russell band played regularly at the Savoy Ballroom, the Roseland Ballroom on Broadway, the Sunday night sessions at the Next Club uptown.

From L to R: William Moore-tuba, Luis Metcalf-tumpet, JC Higginbotham-trombone, Luis Russell-piano/arranger, Paul Barbarin-drums, Bill Johnson-banjo, Teddy Hill-tenor sax, Ven/Len Fields-alto sax. Photo courtesy of the Frank Driggs Collection.

Also they toured the circuit from New York to Washington, D.C., to Baltimore,to Philadelphia.

Finally, they settled down at the Saratoga Club.

When he was a leading soloist with the late Luis Russell’s Saratoga Club Orchestra,his performance was most exciting and productive.

J.C. Higginbotham recorded some classic recordings including a few sessions backing Louis Armstrong.

In addition there is a historical record to prove his ability at that time.

He joined “The Little Chocolate Dandies” with Jazz Legends.

Unfortunately his performance on recording was too short.

J.C. HigginbothamはKing Oliver楽団で録音デビューしました。(1928年9月10日)
Luis RussellはDIXIE SYNCOPATORSの主要メンバーでした。
King Oliverは歯の問題でトランペットが吹けなくなり楽団は解散した。
その結果Luis Russellが解散した楽団のメンバーを呼び、自己のバンドを結成しました。JCはLuis Russellのバンドに加わりLenox AveのClub Harlemに出演しました。Luis Russellバンドの主な出演先はthe Savoy Ballroom, the Roseland Ballroom on Broadwayでした。
又、New YorkからWashington, Baltimore,Philadelphiaへも巡業しました。
当時のJ.C. Higginbothamの実力を証明する歴史的録音があります。
彼はJazz Legendsと共に「Little Chocolate Dandies」に参加しました。
残念ながら彼の演奏時間は短いです。

Here is King Oliver & His Dixie Syncopators play “Speakeasy Blues”.

Here is Luis Russell And His Orchestra play “Doctor Blues “.
Luis Russell(p), Henry Allen(tp) J. C. Higginbotham(tb) Albert Nicholas( cl, as)
New York, December 17, 1929

Here is The Little Chocolate Dandies play “That’s How I Feel Today”.
Rex Stewart (cnt), Leonard Davis (tp), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Don Redman (cl, as, vo), Benny Carter (as, vo), Coleman Hawkins (ts), Fats Waller (p, cel), Bobby Johnson (bjo), Cyrus St. Clair (tu), George Stafford (dm).
Rec. Sept. 18, 1929

J. C. Higginbotham(2)

April 11.2017

Photo by courtesy of The Jan Persson Jazz Collection

First I will write his footprints until he comes to New York.

Jay C. (Jack) Higginbotham was born in Atlanta Georgia in May 11, 1906, but raised in Cincinnati Ohio.

Then he began to work as a mechanic at the General Motors factory.

Photo by Cincinnati Enquirer

He first played bugle, then his sister bought him his first trombone.

In 1924 he joined Wesley Helvev’s led own band.

In late 1925 he toured with pianist Eugene Landrum’s jazz band in the ‘Ragtime Steppers’ show.

In 1926 he joined drummer Eugene Primus Band in Buffalo.

Then he arrived to NEW York around August 1928.

Photo above of Jimmy Harrison by courtesy of earlyjazz.jp

1928 was an important year in the story of jazz trombone.

Until then Jimmy Harrison had almost reigned supreme as the king of jazz trombone playing.

So Jimmy Harrison met J. C. Higginbotham and Jack Teagarden in New York.

The king of jazz trombone had to compete with J.C.Higginbotham and Jack Teagarden.

Photo above of Jack Teagarden

まず J. C. Higginbotham(以下J.C.と略)がニューヨークに来るまでの足跡です。
J.C.は1906年5月11日にジョージア州アトランタで生まれ、オハイオ州シンシナティのGM自動車工場で機械工として働いた後、1924年に本格的なジャズバンドに加わりました。
1925年の後半以降、Eugene Landrum率いるバンドの一員として演奏ツアーを行いました。
1926年、BuffaloでEugene Primus(ds) のバンドに在籍していました。
1928年8月頃にニューヨークで演奏を始めました。
1928年はジャズトロンボーンを語る上での重要な年になりました。
NyではJimmy Harrisonがジャズ・トロンボーンの奏者の第一人者として君臨していた。王者Jimmy HarrisonはJ. C. HigginbothamとJack Teagardenと競争することになりました。

Here is Luis Russell and his Orchestra play “I Got Rhythm “.(1930)
Henry “Red” Allen(tp), J.C. Higginbotham(tb) Albert Nicholas(as)
October 24, 1930.

Here is The Chocolate Dandies play “DEE BLUES”.
Bobby Stark(tp),Jmmy Harrison(tb),Benny Carter(cl,as,arr)
Coleman Hawkins(ts),Horace Henderson(p),Benny Jackson(g)
John Kirby(tuba) December 1930.

Here is Red Nichols & His Five Pennies with Jack Teagarden play “After You’ve Gone”.

J. C. Higginbotham(1)

April 10.2017

Photo above of J.C. Higginbotham by courtesy of Jazzinphoto-Wordpress.com(Photo William P.Gottlieb)

Last week I posted about Luis Russell’s contribution.

Luis Russell relocated to New York with King Oliver in May 1927.

Photo above of KING OLIVER´S DIXIE SYNCOPATORS(1927)Kid Ory tb, King Oliver co, Paul Barbarin dm, Tick Gray tp, Junie Cobb bj, Luis Russell p, Darnell Howard cl, Rudy Jackson ts, Bert Cobb tu, Barney Bigard ts.

Then they had a game with Chick Webb as “BATTLE OF JAZZ” at the Savoy Ballroom.

Next year(1928) ,one jazz trombonist came to New York from Buffalo.

Chick Webb allowed young trombonist to play at the Savoy Ballroom.

Photo above of Chick Webb by courtesy of Drummerworld

He was subsequently signed by Luis Russell as trombonist Harry White’s replacement and remained with Russell until 1931.

The young jazz trombonist was J. C. Higginbotham.

J. C. Higginbotham was the first of the great black swing trombonists, and he participated in several immortal sessions particularly in the period 1929-36.

Unfortunately J. C. Higginbotham also has became a forgotten existence in Japan.

This week I would like to post about his acheivement.

先週、私はLuis Russellの貢献について投稿しましたが、Russell楽団でJ. C. Higginbothamの名前が気になりました。
1927年、Luis Russellと King OliverはSavoy BallroomでChick Webbらと “BATTLE OF JAZZ”を行いました。
翌年、一人のトロンボーン奏者がNew Yorkに来ました。Chick webbは若いトロンボーン奏者にSavoy Ballroomでの演奏を許しました。その後、彼はLuis Russell楽団に入団し、1931年まで在籍しました。
J. C. Higginbothamは、偉大な黒人スイングトロンボーン奏者の一人であり、特に1929から36年にレコーディングされた演奏は歴史に残りました。今週はJ. C. Higginbothamについて投稿します。

Here is J.C. Higginbotham plays “Give me your telephone number”.

Here is Henry Red Allen with J.C.Higginbotham play “Higginbotham Blues”.

Luis Russell(6)

April 08.2017

Photo above of Luis Russell Orch, 1934 by courtesy of the Frank Driggs Collection.

Unfortunately Luis Russell has became a forgotten existence in Japan.

I hope her father’s achievement will be reassessed by Catherine Russell’s success.

Luis Russell made a few recordings from 1943-1948.

The most notable of those recordings was his 1946 version of the pop standard “The Very Thought of You”.

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Catherine Russell also recorded “The Very Thought of You”.

I found Catherine Russel’s concert by chance.

Today April 8,Catherine Russell will appear on Jazz at Lincoln in NY.GO here

残念ながら、日本ではLuis Russell は忘れられた存在になったように思えます。
私はCatherine Russellの音楽活動よって亡父Luis Russell が再評価されることを願っています。Luis Russell は1943年から1948年までの引退前に新編成のバンドでレコーディングしています。これらの録音で最も注目されたのは、”The Very Thought of You”でした。
彼の愛娘Catherine Russellも”The Very Thought of You”をレコーディングしています。
偶然ですが、本日(4月8日)、Catherine Russellのコンサートが予定されています。

Here is Catherine Russell sings “The Very Thought of You”.