Tag Archives: Fletcher Henderson

The early recordings by Dexter Gordon(3)

September 7.2017

Photo above of Dexter Gordon by courtesy of OKMusic

In 1944 Dexter Gordon joined the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra.

Fletcher Henderson arrived in Los Angeles on April 18, with only eight men.

In other words, Dexter Gordon was a locally procured member.

They went to LA for  the opening show of the Joe Morriis’ Club Plantation.

It was California’s Larget Harlem Night Club.

I will quote an article from Downbeat Magazine.

Down Beat、May 15,1944

“He[Fletcher Henderson] had picked up good local men as replacements and they were doing pretty smooth job on that very difficult book of Fletcher’.”

Photo by University of Colorado Boulder

1944年にDexter GordonはFletcher Henderson Orchestraに加入しました。

4月18日、Fletcher Hendersonは主要メンバー8人のみを連れてロサンゼルス空港に到着しました。

謂わばDexter Gordonは現地調達メンバーの一人であったようです。

ロサンゼルスではJoe Morriisが経営するClub Plantationでのオープニングショーに出演しました。

Club Plantationは当時カリフォルニアでもスケールの大きいナイトクラブだったそうです。

以下、1944年5月15日Down Beat誌の記事を引用します。

「Fletcher Hendersonは地元での交代要員として腕利きの演奏家を採用し、尚且つ彼らもHenderson 楽団の難しい楽譜を難なくこなし素晴らしい演奏を行なっている」

AFRS(軍用放送番組)に収録されたFletcher Henderson OrchestraにおけるDexter Gordonの演奏がYouTubeで聞くことができるのは嬉しいです。(ハリウッドのNBCスタジオで録音されました)

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “I Got Rhythm”.

Tony DiNardi, Jake Porter, Clint Waters, Leroy White (trumpet) Allen Durham, George Washington (trombone) Emerson Harper, Sahib Shihab (alto sax) Dexter Gordon, Woodrow Keys (tenor sax) Herman Johnson (baritone sax) Horace Henderson (piano, arranger) unknown nicknamed “Chief” (bass) Gene “Tubby” Shelton (drums) Fletcher Henderson (conductor, arranger) NBC Studio, Hollywood, CA, April 24, 1944

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Bugle Blues”.
Members of the recording are the same as above.

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Keep ‘Em Swingin’”.
Members of the recording are the same as above.

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Stompin’ At The Savoy”.
Members of the recording are the same as above.

“Christopher Columbus”(2)

April 26.2017

photo above of Horace Henderson by courtesy of Discos

Leon Chu Berry had developed a saxophone riff that became the prototype of the “Christopher Columbus”.

Then Horace apparently submitted a version crediting himself and Berry as co-composers.

Then Joe Davis, who was publisher in Chicago, published the arrangement under the names of Leon Berry as sole composer.

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photo above of Horace Henderson by courtesy of pinterest.

So Horace Henderson received no official credit.

Unfortunately Fletcher Henderson had often caused some problem with his works.

Fletcher Henderson himself remains a shadowy figure in those days.

His attitude was also cold to his brother.

Walter C.Allen wrote about their money matter, “Fletcher got $100, but poor Horace got NOTHING.”

Andy Kirk And His Orchestra

Andy Kirk And His Orchestra pose for a studio group portrait, with Pha Terrell and Mary Lou Williams sitting at the piano, in 1940 in the United States. (Photo by Gilles Petard/Redferns)

Nevertheless several bands and record companies recognized the potential of “Christopher Columbus”.

Within a five-month span of 1936, thirteen bands recorded the piece on ten different labels, including one each in Paris and London.

Five of those recordings ranked among the best-selling records of 1936
(by Henderson, Andy Kirk, Benny Goodman, Teddy Wilson, and Louis “King” Garcia).

teddy-wilson-christopher-columbus-a-rhythm-cocktail-brunswick-78

Photo by 45worlds.com

In those days Fletcher Henderson had earned $2,000 for one night.

Horace Henderson played a key role in putting the arrangement on paper.

Currently the name of Horace Henderson seems to have been forgotten.

I guess Horace Henderson has been underestimated in Jazz History.

“Christopher Columbus”の原型はChu Berryのサックスリフでした。
その後、Horace HendersonはChu Berryを共同の作編曲者として出版社に申請しました。しかし出版社はHorace Hendersonを作編曲者として認めなかった。
兄Fletcher Hendersonも弟に冷たくこの曲についての報酬を払っていない。
この曲の成立について裏話が多いですが、他のバンドやレコード会社の評価は高かった。
1936年には、13バンドが録音し、その内5曲がベストセラーになっています。
当時、兄Fletcher Hendersonは一晩に2,000ドル以上の報酬を稼いだ。
弟Horace Hendersonは編曲者として兄を支えていました。
現在、Horace Hendersonの名前はジャズし史では忘れられた存在になってしましました。彼はもっと評価されていいジャズマンであると思います。

Here is Andy Kirk and his band Play “Christopher Columbus”.

Here is Henry Red Allen and Kid Ory play “Christopher Columbus”.

Here is Teddy Wilson plays “Christopher Columbus”.

Here is The Ink Spots sing “Christopher Columbus”.

Here is Fletcher Henderson play “Christopher Columbus” (1938)

 

“Christopher Columbus”(1)

April 25.2017

Photo by Discogs

Last week I introduced “Christopher Columbus” of Fletcher Henderson at Osaka Jazz listening Club.

Recently I found an intersting article about “Christopher Columbus”.

I referred to this article.Go here

“Christopher Columbus” became more closely associated with Fretcher Henderson in particular.

This tune became a hit record for Henderson’s band.

It is noteworthy that it became Henderson’s theme song.

Also the sound of this tune was the signal for the last performance.

According to Walter C.Allen, the tune originated as a “bawdy song” called “Cristoforo Columbo.”

I guess that the characteristics of the original song have been successfully expressed by Fats Waller.

Photo above of Fats Waller by Wikipedia

Fletcher’s band began playing an arrangement at the Grand Terrace in Chicago.

But this “Henderson” tune became better known and better played in Benny Goodman’s band.

In those days Benny Goodman noticed the splendor of this song.

Benny Goodman soon picked up the arrangement and played across town at the Congress Hotel.

It was incorporated into Jimmy Mundy’s arrangement of ”Sing, Sing, Sing” for Benny Goodman’s band.

So this riff is one of the most popular tunes from the swing era.

Then Fletcher asked Horace to prepare a stock arrangement based on the version Fletcher’s band was playing at the Grand Terrace.

Meanwhile, bandleader Jimmie Lunceford claimed that the tune’s original riff developed within his own band.

Photo above of Jimmie Lunceford And His Orchestra
by courtesy of Alchetron

先週、ジャズ例会で Fletcher Henderson の “Christopher Columbus”を紹介しました。
最近 “Christopher Columbus”について興味深い記事を見つけました。
私はこの記事を参照しました。こちらをクリックして下さい。
「Christopher Columbus」はステージで最後の曲を演奏する時の合図にもなりました。
Fletcher Hendersonの伝記作家であるWalter C.Allenによると、原曲は「Cristoforo Columbo」と呼ばれる「淫声、春歌、春歌」として作曲されたそうです。
Fats Wallerが歌っているのを聞くと原曲の意味が理解できるような気がします。
Fletcher Henderson楽団はシカゴの Grand Terraceで演奏していました。
しかし、この曲はBenny Goodman楽団により人気曲となりました。
当時Benny Goodmanはすぐにこの曲の素晴らしさに気づきました。
Benny Goodmanは同じシカゴのCongress Hotelで演奏し始めました。
又、Jimmy Mundy編曲により「Sing,Sing,Sing」の挿入リフとしても採用されました。
その後Fletcher Hendersonは弟Horace Hendersonに楽団の演奏をストックアレンジとして編曲するように依頼しました。
一方、Jimmie Luncefordは、この曲のオリジナルリフは自分の楽団で演奏していたと主張しました。(続く)

Here is Fletcher Henderson orchestra play “Christopher Columbus”.(1936)

Here is Benny Goodman and his band play “Christopher Columbus”.

Here is Fats Waller & His Rhythm play “Christopher Columbus” (1936)

J.C.Higginbotham(5)

April 14.2017

Photo above of J.C.Higginbotham from Wikipedia

After leaving Fletcher Henderson Orchestra,J.C.Higginbotham joined Benny Carter band in Autumn 1933.

J.C.Higginbotham and Henry ‘Red’ Allen were a close friends from the early Russell days.

Mills_Blue_Rhythm_Band

Photo above of Mills Blue Rhythm Band. From left to right: George Washington, J. C. Higginbotham, Henry “Red” Allen, Wardell Jones and Shelton Hemphill from Wikipedia

So they joined the Mills Blue Rhythm Band (directed by Lucky Millinder) in 1934.

Then, in 1937, they both rejoined Russell, whose band at the time was fronted by Louis Armstrong.

He was playing a purely supportive role behind Armstrong from 1937 to 1940.

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Eventually he Joined Henry ‘Red’ Allen sextet (as co-leader) in December 1940 and worked regularly with Henry Allen until February 1947.

By the way there is evidence that JC ‘s solo performance was admired from others.

His coda of “Higginbotham Blues” was later developed into “Organ Grinder’s Swing” .

“Organ Grinder’s Swing” by Jimmie Lunceford had imitated the ending of “Higginbotham Blues.

”Please listen and compare “Organ Grinder’s Swing” with “the coda of Higginbotham Blues”

Jimmie_Lunceford_Orch

Photo above of Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra

Fletcher Henderson楽団を去った後、Benny Carter bandとも共演しました。
1934年、J.C.HigginbothamとHenly “Red” Allenは the Mills Blue Rhythm Band に参加しました。
1937年から1940年、Louis Armstrong楽団に加入しDeccaに名演奏を残しています。
1940年12月以降1947年2月までHenry ‘Red’ Allenと双頭バンドを結成しました。

彼の演奏が「如何に愛されていたか」についての事例があります。
“Higginbotham Blues”のソロ演奏は、後日”Organ Grinder’s Swing”の原曲になりました。
Jimmie Luncefordの “Organ Grinder’s Swing”と “Higginbotham Blues”のエンディングソロを聞き比べて下さい。

Here is The Mills Blue Rhythm Band play “Red Rhythm”.
Henry Allen, Wardell Jones, Shelton Hemphill (tp), possibly J. C. Higginbotham, George Washington (tb), Tab Smith, Gene Michaels (cl, as), Crawford Wethington, Joe Garland (reeds), Edgar Hayes (p), Lawrence Lucie (g), Elmer James (b), O’Neil Spencer (dm), Lucky Millinder (dir), George Washington(vo). May 20, 1936

Here is Louis Armstrong his Orchestra play “Something Tells Me “.
Louis Armstrong (tp, vo), Shelton Hemphill (tp), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Rupert Cole (cl, as), Charlie Holmes (as), Bingie Madison (cl, ts), Luis Russell (p), Lee Blair (g), Red Callender (b), Paul Barbarin (dm)May 18, 1938

Here is Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra plays “On The Sunny Side Of The Street”.
Louis Armstrong (tp, vo), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Charlie Holmes (as), Bingie Madison (cl, ts), Luis Russell (p), Lee Blair (g), Red Callender (b), Paul Barbarin (dm). Nov. 15, 1937

Here is J C Higginbotham and His Six Hicks play “Higginbotham Blues”.
Henry “Red” Allen (cnt), J.C. Higginbotham (tb,ldr) ,Charlie Holmes (as), Luis Russell (p) ,Will Johnson (bj,g), Pops Foster (b), Paul Barbarin (ds)
February 5, 1930

Here is Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra play “Organ Grinder’s Swing”.

J.C. Higginbotham(4)

April 13.2017

I took this picture from my own “Hendersonia”.

In 1931, J.C. Higginbotham left Luis Russell’s band and briefly joined Chick Webb’s band.

Then he joined Fletcher Henderson’s orchestra.

I will quote a description that accurately expresses his change in this era.

“When JCH joined Fletcher Henderson he began a transistion where the roar from the wilderness and the brassy shakes went out to make room for a more relaxed solo voice.” by Tom Buhmann .

To my delight they had recorded my favorite song “Sugar Foot Stomp”.

Hammond at a recording session with Buck Clayton, Lester Young, Charlie Christian, Benny Goodman and Count Basie. Photo courtesy Frank Driggs Collection.(by Riverwalk Jazz)

Also John Hammond had produced two songs a long solo performance of J.C.,”Honeysuckle Rose” and ”New King Porter Stomp”.

J.C. Higginbotham showed a terrific performance as belonging the eternal Hall of Fame for jazz recordings.

In Addition I will quote “Hendersonia” by Walter C. Allen.

By the way, the great Higginbotham, no slouch himself for gutsy playing, expressed his unbounded admiration for Coleman Hawkins :
“Nobody can outplay him. He’s my man. One time on the Fletcher Henderson band, he took on everybody. Five brass and three rhythm couldn’t drown him out. He stood up, turned around and faced us, and nobody could outplay him. ”
( DOWN BEAT, January 8, 1959, p. 13)

Today I choose three songs that he played long solo performance (over 32 bars) .

I referred to Tom Buhmann’s Solographer. Go here

1931年、Fletcher Henderson’s orchestraに加入しました。私のお気にりの曲「Sugar Foot Stomp」も再度録音しました。又、John HammondもJCを高く評価し、珍しく32小節のソロを演奏した2曲を製作しました。J.C. Higginbotham 研究家のTom Buhmann ”Solographer”を参考にしました。

こちらをクリックして下さい。

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Sugar Foot Stomp (Solo 36 bars)”.

Rex Stewart (cnt, vo), Russell Smith, Bobby Stark (tp), Claude Jones (tb, vo), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Russell Procope, Edgar Sampson (cl, as), Coleman Hawkins (cl, ts), Fletcher Henderson (p, arr), Clarence Holiday (g), John Kirby (tu), Walter Johnson (dm), Nat Leslie (arr). Aug. 1931

Here is Fletcher Henderson And His Orchestra play “Honeysuckle Rose(Solo 32 bars)”

Rex Stewart (cnt) Russell Smith Bobby Stark (tp)
Sandy Williams J.C. Higginbotham (tb) Hilton Jefferson (as)
Russell Procope (as cl) Coleman Hawkins (ts cl) Fletcher Henderson (p)
Freddy White (g) John Kirby (tu b) Walter Johnson (d) Dec. 9, 1932

Here is Fletcher Henderson Orchestra play ”New King Porter Stomp” (Solo 32 bars)”. Dec. 9, 1932

 

Luis Russell(3)

April 05.2017

After Luis Russell left Doc Cook’s Orchestra, he became the pianist in King Oliver’s band.

By the mid-20s the jazz scene shifted to New York.

He relocated to New York with King Oliver in May 1927.

Photo above of KING OLIVER´S DIXIE SYNCOPATORS(1927)Kid Ory tb, King Oliver co, Paul Barbarin dm, Tick Gray tp, Junie Cobb bj, Luis Russell p, Darnell Howard cl, Rudy Jackson ts, Bert Cobb tu, Barney Bigard ts.

At that time Luis Russell appears in my favorite biography “Hendsersonia”.

I quoted from “Hendsersonia”, page180 and page181.

On Sunday,May 15, there was a memorable “BATTLE OF JAZZ” at the Savoy Ballroom which wa widely advertised.

King Oliver had brought his band from Chicago to New York.

KING OLIVER7S DIXIE SYNCOPATORS(12 men)
Joe Oliver(tp),[…]Luis Russsel(p)

FESS WILLIAM’S ROYAL FLUSH ORCHESTRA(10 men)

CHICK WEBB AND HARLEM STOMPERS(8 men)

FLETCHER HENDERSON’S ROSELAND ORCHESTRA(12 men)
[…]

For all the cheers, however, this was Oliver’s first and last decent engagement in New York; from here on, the road was all downhill for the proud King.

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In October of that year he left Oliver to start his own band.

He was a perpetually good-natured man and a snappy dresser who stood just a little over five feet tall.

So Luis Russell went on to become one of the most popular bandleaders in late 1920s’ New York.

Luis Russell はKing Oliverと共にニューヨークに移動しました。
1927年5月、彼らはSavoy Ballroom でのジャズ合戦に参加しました。
以下、私の愛読書『Hendersonia』を引用します。
この時期以降、King Oliverの活動は衰退し、哀れな末路を招く事になりました。
10月、Luis RussellはKing Oliverから別れ、自己のバンドを結成しました。
彼は美男で身長も高く服装の着こなしも優雅だったことから、評判のバンドリーダーとなった。

Here is King Oliver’s Dixie Syncopators play “Deep Henderson”(1926).
King Oliver(crt), Kid Ory(tb), Barney Bigard(reed), Luis Russell(p); 4/21/1926

Here is Fletcher Henderson and his Orchestra play “Stockholm Stomp” (1927).

Here is Fess Williams’ Royal Flush Orchestra play “OZARK BLUES” (1927).

Here is CHICK WEBB ORCHESTRA play “Go Harlem”.

Adrian Rollini(3)

December 23. 2016

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Photo above of Fletcher Henderson and his Orchestra:Coleman Hawkins was to sit next to bass saxophone

多くのリード・プレイヤーはベースサックスの演奏を試みましたがほとんど成功しませんでした。コールマンホーキンスも初期のヘンダーソン楽団でベースサックスに挑戦しました。しかし、ヘンダーソン楽団の同僚たちは彼の音色を聞いてヒステリックに笑いました。その結果、ホーキンスはベースサックスを諦め、テナーサックスに専念しレジェンドになりました。

Today I will post about a difficulty of bass saxophone.

Many other reed players tried the bass saxophone, but mostly with little success.

The great Coleman Hawkins used it briefly with the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra.

His timbre was curious honks and squeaks and Henderson colleagues laughed hysterically.

So he decided to concentrate on tenor saxophone.

Fortunately we can hear his bass sax performance with Fletcher Henderson and his Orchestra.

I think that it is interesting to compare the bass saxophone of Coleman Hawkins and Adrian Rollini.

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Photo above of Harry Carney

Although there were never many bass saxophonist, the baritone sax was to become the cornerstone of jazz band by Harry Caney’s effort.

Harry Carney said “I actually tried to get a sound as big as Adrian Rollini, who was playing bass sax at that time . . . so I suppose whatever sound I get goes back to that.”

Rollini gave up the bass saxophone for the last time in 1938.

Then he continued to be active with vibraphone and chimes.

Here is Coleman Hawkins & Fletcher Henderson play “Carolina Stomp” (1925).

We can actually hear Coleman Hawkins on a bass saxophone.

Here is Frankie Trumbauer & Bix Beiderbecke & Adrian Rollini play “Crying All Day”(1927).

Here is California Ramblers with Adrian Rollini play “I Must Have Company”(1924).