Tag Archives: Henry ‘Red’ Allen

Johnny Pate(3)

June 08.2017

While performing with South, Johnny Pate furthered his musical training by studying at Chicago’s Midwestern Conservatory from 1951 to 1953.

In those days Johnny Pate also played with the Red Allen – J.C. Higginbotham Combo.

Photo above of Mills Blue Rhythm Band. From left to right: George Washington, J. C. Higginbotham, Henry “Red” Allen, Wardell Jones and Shelton Hemphill from Wikipedia

In addition during this same time period, he worked for the Club De Lisa as the arranger of its shows’ production numbers.

The feature male singer in the show was a young man by the name of Joe Williams.

Please refer to an interesting blog about Joe Williams and the Club De Lisa.Go here

Then Johnny Pate and Joe Williams became life-long friends.

In the end of the 50’s, he led his own group that served as the house band at Chicago’s Blue Note.

There he worked with Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan and Duke Ellington.

Also he recorded “Johnny Pate at the Blue Note” (1956).

Photo above of Sarah Vaughan and Ella Fitzgerald by courtesy of Pinterst

Johnny Pateは1951年から1953年までシカゴの Midwestern Conservatoryで音楽理論を徹底的に学びました。
又、同時期にはHenry Red Allen とJ.C. Higginbotham が双頭リーダーであったバンドにも参加していました。
更にシカゴでも有名なナイトクラブ「The Club De Lisa」で音楽ステージの編曲者として雇われました。
当時「The Club De Lisa」で歌っていたボーカリストはJoe Williamsでした。
Joe Williamsと「The Club De Lisa」に関しては添付のブログを参照してください。ここをクリックして下さい。
1950年代の終わり頃には、彼をリーダーとするグループが「シカゴBlueNote」のハウスバンドとして抜擢されました。
「シカゴBlueNote」ではElla FitzgeraldやSarah Vaughan そして Duke Ellingtonバンドと共演しました。
又、 “Johnny Pate at the Blue Note” (1956)というレコードも製作販売されました。(実況ライブではありません)

Here is Johnny Pate at the Blue Note play “What a Difference a Day Made”, “It Might as Well be Spring”,”I Surrender Dear”.
Johnny Pate(b), Floyd Morris(p),Wilbur Wynne(g)
Chicago, probably July 3-10,1956

Here is Count Basie with Joe Williams and Jimmy Rushing play “Going To Chicago”.

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J.C.Higginbotham(6)

April 16.2017

During and after World War II, he played sometimes with Red Allen and sometimes with his own band.

Red Allen was one of the few trumpet players who could parry with Louis Armstrong in the same style.

Photo above of Henry ”Red” Allen Orchestra by courtesy of OKMusic

About Red Allen,please refer to this website.Go here

Also they were a participant in major occasions such as the Newport Festival.

Then he worked once again briefly in 1964 with Louis Armstrong.

He died on May 26, 1973 in New York.

Like many jazz musicians of his generation, Higginbotham was later associated with a “dixieland-style”.

So some jazz fans see him as a dixie style player.

He contributed as one of the swing trombone pioneers.

I hope his evaluation will be evaluated more than now.

JCとRed Allenは仲が良く長い間行動を共にしています。
Red AllenはLouis Armstrong 直系の奏者です。
Red Allenについては詳しいサイトを参照して下さい。こちらをクリック
JCは1973年5月26日、67歳でニューヨークにて永眠しました。
彼の晩年の演奏はディキシー奏者との共演が多かったことから、トロンボーン奏者として過小評価されていると思われます。
しかし、彼はスイングトロンボーンのパイオニアの一人です。
彼の評価が今よりももっと評価されることを願っています。

Here is Henry Red Allen J.C.Higginbotham play “House on “52nd Street”(1946).

Here is Art Ford Jazz Party with J.C.Higginbotham play “Running Wild”.
Charlie Shavers (tp) J.C.Higginbotham (tb) Pee Wee Russell (c1) Coleman Hawkins (ts) Willie”The Lion”Smith (p) Harry Sheppard (vib) Dick Thompson (g) Vinnie Burke (b) Sonny Greer (ds) Sep.25,1958

J.C.Higginbotham(5)

April 14.2017

Photo above of J.C.Higginbotham from Wikipedia

After leaving Fletcher Henderson Orchestra,J.C.Higginbotham joined Benny Carter band in Autumn 1933.

J.C.Higginbotham and Henry ‘Red’ Allen were a close friends from the early Russell days.

Mills_Blue_Rhythm_Band

Photo above of Mills Blue Rhythm Band. From left to right: George Washington, J. C. Higginbotham, Henry “Red” Allen, Wardell Jones and Shelton Hemphill from Wikipedia

So they joined the Mills Blue Rhythm Band (directed by Lucky Millinder) in 1934.

Then, in 1937, they both rejoined Russell, whose band at the time was fronted by Louis Armstrong.

He was playing a purely supportive role behind Armstrong from 1937 to 1940.

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Eventually he Joined Henry ‘Red’ Allen sextet (as co-leader) in December 1940 and worked regularly with Henry Allen until February 1947.

By the way there is evidence that JC ‘s solo performance was admired from others.

His coda of “Higginbotham Blues” was later developed into “Organ Grinder’s Swing” .

“Organ Grinder’s Swing” by Jimmie Lunceford had imitated the ending of “Higginbotham Blues.

”Please listen and compare “Organ Grinder’s Swing” with “the coda of Higginbotham Blues”

Jimmie_Lunceford_Orch

Photo above of Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra

Fletcher Henderson楽団を去った後、Benny Carter bandとも共演しました。
1934年、J.C.HigginbothamとHenly “Red” Allenは the Mills Blue Rhythm Band に参加しました。
1937年から1940年、Louis Armstrong楽団に加入しDeccaに名演奏を残しています。
1940年12月以降1947年2月までHenry ‘Red’ Allenと双頭バンドを結成しました。

彼の演奏が「如何に愛されていたか」についての事例があります。
“Higginbotham Blues”のソロ演奏は、後日”Organ Grinder’s Swing”の原曲になりました。
Jimmie Luncefordの “Organ Grinder’s Swing”と “Higginbotham Blues”のエンディングソロを聞き比べて下さい。

Here is The Mills Blue Rhythm Band play “Red Rhythm”.
Henry Allen, Wardell Jones, Shelton Hemphill (tp), possibly J. C. Higginbotham, George Washington (tb), Tab Smith, Gene Michaels (cl, as), Crawford Wethington, Joe Garland (reeds), Edgar Hayes (p), Lawrence Lucie (g), Elmer James (b), O’Neil Spencer (dm), Lucky Millinder (dir), George Washington(vo). May 20, 1936

Here is Louis Armstrong his Orchestra play “Something Tells Me “.
Louis Armstrong (tp, vo), Shelton Hemphill (tp), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Rupert Cole (cl, as), Charlie Holmes (as), Bingie Madison (cl, ts), Luis Russell (p), Lee Blair (g), Red Callender (b), Paul Barbarin (dm)May 18, 1938

Here is Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra plays “On The Sunny Side Of The Street”.
Louis Armstrong (tp, vo), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Charlie Holmes (as), Bingie Madison (cl, ts), Luis Russell (p), Lee Blair (g), Red Callender (b), Paul Barbarin (dm). Nov. 15, 1937

Here is J C Higginbotham and His Six Hicks play “Higginbotham Blues”.
Henry “Red” Allen (cnt), J.C. Higginbotham (tb,ldr) ,Charlie Holmes (as), Luis Russell (p) ,Will Johnson (bj,g), Pops Foster (b), Paul Barbarin (ds)
February 5, 1930

Here is Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra play “Organ Grinder’s Swing”.

Luis Russell(4)

April 06.2017

1929 was a big year for the Luis Russell Orchestra.

By 1929 Russell’s band had some musician such strong soloists as trombone J.C. Higginbotham and trumpeter Henry ‘Red’ Allen.

Photo above of J.C. Higginbotham

They recorded a dozen records that are considered some of the first and best examples of Swing music.

The band had a distinctive that combined the solos and drive of New Orleans jazz with the riffs and ensembles of swing.

Henry ‘Red’ Allen fronting Luis Russell’s Orchestra. L-R Jimmy Archey, Bill Coleman, Luis Russell, Bill Dillard, Will Johnson, Henry ‘Red’ Allen, Paul Barbarin, Albert Nicholas, ‘Pops’ Foster, Henry ‘Moon’ Jones and Greely. Photo from Ride, Red, Ride: The Life of Henry ‘Red’ Allen by John Chilton.

Some of these performances are now considered jazz classics.

Also the band started backing up Louis Armstrong on a few of his early orchestra recordings.

Luis Russell, piano, Paul Barbarin, drums, Pops Foster, bass, Lee Blair, guitar.
by courtesy of http://www.jazzhound.net © Mark Berresford

Then Louis Armstrong with the Luis Russell Orchestra had a long tour through the South.

That tour was the beginning of a lifelong friendship between Russell and Armstrong that never wavered.

Louis Armstrong took over the Luis Russell Orchestra for his rise to stardom.

So Luis Russell accomplished as the musical director for the next eight years.

1929年頃のバンドにはJ.C. Higginbotham やHenry ‘Red’ Allenといった強力なメンバーが在籍していました。バンドはニューオーリンズジャズのソロとドライブを基本にリフとアンサンブルを組み合わせた独特の特徴を持っていました。その後、Louis Armstrongのバックバンドとして活動していました。1935年、サッチモはLuis Russell Orchestraを傘下に収めました。
Luis Russellはサッチモを補佐し、その後8年間音楽監督を務めました。

Here is Luis Russell and His Orchestra play “Saratoga Shout”.

Here is Luis Russell Orchestra with Chris Bullock(vocal) play “Goin’ To Town” (1931).

Here is Luis Russell’s Orchestra with Henry Allen(vocal) play “You Rascal, You”. (1931)

Here is Luis Russell’s Orchestra with Chick Bullock(vocal) play “Say The Word” (1931).