Tag Archives: Louis Armstrong

Art Hodes(1)

April 18.2017

Photo above of Art Hodes by courtesy of Blue Note Records

Recently I purchased the 10 inches record of BlueNote label.

It is “Art Hodes and his hot 7”.

Also last week Jazz Journalists Doug Ramsey introduced a television program hosted by Art Hodes.Go here

So I would like to post about Art Hodes.

Art Hodes was born November 14, 1904 in born in Ukraine.

When he was six months old few, his family settled in Chicago

In those days the pioneering New Orleans musicians came to Chicago in the 1920’s.

Louis Armstrong standing beside King Oliver. Photo courtesy of neajazzintheschools.org.

When he was in his late teens and early twenties, he heard some jazz legends’ performance such as King Oliver, Louis Armstrong, and Jelly Roll Morton and Earl Hines and Jimmy Noone in the nightspots of his city.

Eventually, Hodes played with Armstrong, and later with Wingy Manone, Gene Krupa, and Muggsy Spanier.

Photo above of Wingy Manone by courtesy of alchetron.com

Also he was fond of the blues, and was greatly influenced by Bessie Smith.

In 1938 he moved to New York and played with Joe Marsala and Mezz Mezzrow before forming his own band in 1941.

最近、BlueNoteの10インチレコード”Art Hodes and his hot 7″を購入しました。
同じ日に偶然、Art Hodesが出演していたテレビ番組がネットで紹介されました。
そんなわけで私はArt Hodesに詳しくないので、今回調べてみようと思いました。
Art Hodesは1904年11月14日に帝政ロシアのウクライナで生まれました。
幼少時に彼の家族と共にアメリカに移民しシカゴに定住しました。
当時のシカゴにはニューオーリンズから有名なミュージシャン達が来ていました。
彼は10代後半から20代初めにかけて、King Oliver, Louis Armstrong, Jelly Roll Morton, Earl Hines,Jimmy Noone などの生演奏を聞いていました。
又、Wingy Manone、Gene Krupa、Muggsy Spanier達と演奏をしていました。
彼はブルースも大好きで Bessie Smithからも影響を受けました。
1938年にはニューヨークに移ります。1941年に自己のバンドを結成する迄、Joe Marsala や Mezz Mezzrowと共演していました。

Here is Doug Ramsey’s post “Bud Freeman and Art Hodes on Jazz Alley.”

Here is Jelly Roll Morton and his Red Hot Peppers play “Dr. Jazz”(1926)

J.C.Higginbotham(6)

April 16.2017

During and after World War II, he played sometimes with Red Allen and sometimes with his own band.

Red Allen was one of the few trumpet players who could parry with Louis Armstrong in the same style.

Photo above of Henry ”Red” Allen Orchestra by courtesy of OKMusic

About Red Allen,please refer to this website.Go here

Also they were a participant in major occasions such as the Newport Festival.

Then he worked once again briefly in 1964 with Louis Armstrong.

He died on May 26, 1973 in New York.

Like many jazz musicians of his generation, Higginbotham was later associated with a “dixieland-style”.

So some jazz fans see him as a dixie style player.

He contributed as one of the swing trombone pioneers.

I hope his evaluation will be evaluated more than now.

JCとRed Allenは仲が良く長い間行動を共にしています。
Red AllenはLouis Armstrong 直系の奏者です。
Red Allenについては詳しいサイトを参照して下さい。こちらをクリック
JCは1973年5月26日、67歳でニューヨークにて永眠しました。
彼の晩年の演奏はディキシー奏者との共演が多かったことから、トロンボーン奏者として過小評価されていると思われます。
しかし、彼はスイングトロンボーンのパイオニアの一人です。
彼の評価が今よりももっと評価されることを願っています。

Here is Henry Red Allen J.C.Higginbotham play “House on “52nd Street”(1946).

Here is Art Ford Jazz Party with J.C.Higginbotham play “Running Wild”.
Charlie Shavers (tp) J.C.Higginbotham (tb) Pee Wee Russell (c1) Coleman Hawkins (ts) Willie”The Lion”Smith (p) Harry Sheppard (vib) Dick Thompson (g) Vinnie Burke (b) Sonny Greer (ds) Sep.25,1958

J.C.Higginbotham(5)

April 14.2017

Photo above of J.C.Higginbotham from Wikipedia

After leaving Fletcher Henderson Orchestra,J.C.Higginbotham joined Benny Carter band in Autumn 1933.

J.C.Higginbotham and Henry ‘Red’ Allen were a close friends from the early Russell days.

Mills_Blue_Rhythm_Band

Photo above of Mills Blue Rhythm Band. From left to right: George Washington, J. C. Higginbotham, Henry “Red” Allen, Wardell Jones and Shelton Hemphill from Wikipedia

So they joined the Mills Blue Rhythm Band (directed by Lucky Millinder) in 1934.

Then, in 1937, they both rejoined Russell, whose band at the time was fronted by Louis Armstrong.

He was playing a purely supportive role behind Armstrong from 1937 to 1940.

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Eventually he Joined Henry ‘Red’ Allen sextet (as co-leader) in December 1940 and worked regularly with Henry Allen until February 1947.

By the way there is evidence that JC ‘s solo performance was admired from others.

His coda of “Higginbotham Blues” was later developed into “Organ Grinder’s Swing” .

“Organ Grinder’s Swing” by Jimmie Lunceford had imitated the ending of “Higginbotham Blues.

”Please listen and compare “Organ Grinder’s Swing” with “the coda of Higginbotham Blues”

Jimmie_Lunceford_Orch

Photo above of Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra

Fletcher Henderson楽団を去った後、Benny Carter bandとも共演しました。
1934年、J.C.HigginbothamとHenly “Red” Allenは the Mills Blue Rhythm Band に参加しました。
1937年から1940年、Louis Armstrong楽団に加入しDeccaに名演奏を残しています。
1940年12月以降1947年2月までHenry ‘Red’ Allenと双頭バンドを結成しました。

彼の演奏が「如何に愛されていたか」についての事例があります。
“Higginbotham Blues”のソロ演奏は、後日”Organ Grinder’s Swing”の原曲になりました。
Jimmie Luncefordの “Organ Grinder’s Swing”と “Higginbotham Blues”のエンディングソロを聞き比べて下さい。

Here is The Mills Blue Rhythm Band play “Red Rhythm”.
Henry Allen, Wardell Jones, Shelton Hemphill (tp), possibly J. C. Higginbotham, George Washington (tb), Tab Smith, Gene Michaels (cl, as), Crawford Wethington, Joe Garland (reeds), Edgar Hayes (p), Lawrence Lucie (g), Elmer James (b), O’Neil Spencer (dm), Lucky Millinder (dir), George Washington(vo). May 20, 1936

Here is Louis Armstrong his Orchestra play “Something Tells Me “.
Louis Armstrong (tp, vo), Shelton Hemphill (tp), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Rupert Cole (cl, as), Charlie Holmes (as), Bingie Madison (cl, ts), Luis Russell (p), Lee Blair (g), Red Callender (b), Paul Barbarin (dm)May 18, 1938

Here is Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra plays “On The Sunny Side Of The Street”.
Louis Armstrong (tp, vo), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Charlie Holmes (as), Bingie Madison (cl, ts), Luis Russell (p), Lee Blair (g), Red Callender (b), Paul Barbarin (dm). Nov. 15, 1937

Here is J C Higginbotham and His Six Hicks play “Higginbotham Blues”.
Henry “Red” Allen (cnt), J.C. Higginbotham (tb,ldr) ,Charlie Holmes (as), Luis Russell (p) ,Will Johnson (bj,g), Pops Foster (b), Paul Barbarin (ds)
February 5, 1930

Here is Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra play “Organ Grinder’s Swing”.

J.C. Higginbotham(3)

April 12.2017

J.C. Higginbotham had first recording with King Oliver & HIS DIXIE SYNCOPATORS Sept. 10, 1928.

Luis Russell was a major member of DIXIE SYNCOPATORS.

In those days King Oliver was suffering from dental problems that impaired his trumpet playing.

Photo above of King Oliver

So The Dixie Syncopators disbanded.

Soon Luis Russell picked up the pieces of the band and formed the Luis Russell Orchestra.

JC joined Luis Russell’s band and they appeared at the Club Harlem on Lenox Ave.

Luis Russell band played regularly at the Savoy Ballroom, the Roseland Ballroom on Broadway, the Sunday night sessions at the Next Club uptown.

From L to R: William Moore-tuba, Luis Metcalf-tumpet, JC Higginbotham-trombone, Luis Russell-piano/arranger, Paul Barbarin-drums, Bill Johnson-banjo, Teddy Hill-tenor sax, Ven/Len Fields-alto sax. Photo courtesy of the Frank Driggs Collection.

Also they toured the circuit from New York to Washington, D.C., to Baltimore,to Philadelphia.

Finally, they settled down at the Saratoga Club.

When he was a leading soloist with the late Luis Russell’s Saratoga Club Orchestra,his performance was most exciting and productive.

J.C. Higginbotham recorded some classic recordings including a few sessions backing Louis Armstrong.

In addition there is a historical record to prove his ability at that time.

He joined “The Little Chocolate Dandies” with Jazz Legends.

Unfortunately his performance on recording was too short.

J.C. HigginbothamはKing Oliver楽団で録音デビューしました。(1928年9月10日)
Luis RussellはDIXIE SYNCOPATORSの主要メンバーでした。
King Oliverは歯の問題でトランペットが吹けなくなり楽団は解散した。
その結果Luis Russellが解散した楽団のメンバーを呼び、自己のバンドを結成しました。JCはLuis Russellのバンドに加わりLenox AveのClub Harlemに出演しました。Luis Russellバンドの主な出演先はthe Savoy Ballroom, the Roseland Ballroom on Broadwayでした。
又、New YorkからWashington, Baltimore,Philadelphiaへも巡業しました。
当時のJ.C. Higginbothamの実力を証明する歴史的録音があります。
彼はJazz Legendsと共に「Little Chocolate Dandies」に参加しました。
残念ながら彼の演奏時間は短いです。

Here is King Oliver & His Dixie Syncopators play “Speakeasy Blues”.

Here is Luis Russell And His Orchestra play “Doctor Blues “.
Luis Russell(p), Henry Allen(tp) J. C. Higginbotham(tb) Albert Nicholas( cl, as)
New York, December 17, 1929

Here is The Little Chocolate Dandies play “That’s How I Feel Today”.
Rex Stewart (cnt), Leonard Davis (tp), J. C. Higginbotham (tb), Don Redman (cl, as, vo), Benny Carter (as, vo), Coleman Hawkins (ts), Fats Waller (p, cel), Bobby Johnson (bjo), Cyrus St. Clair (tu), George Stafford (dm).
Rec. Sept. 18, 1929

Luis Russell(5)

April 07.2017

Photo of courtesy the Frank Driggs Collection.

From 1935 to ’43, the Luis Russell Orchestra worked with Armstrong full-time and eventually morphed into the Louis Armstrong Orchestra.

Louis Armstrong was a rising star, and this ensemble backed him on radio dates, on the road and for recording dates.

Louis Armstrong with The Luis Russell Orchestra. Photo courtesy Louis: The Louis Armstrong Story by Max Jones and John Chilton.

 

Savoy Ballroom Marquee 1944. Photo courtesy of the Frank Driggs Collection.

From 1943 to ’48,Luis Russell led a new band that played at the Savoy and Apollo and made a few recordings.

In 1948 Russell retired from full-time music.

Then Luis Russell died in New York City, aged 61.

Photo above of Luis Russell and Catherine Russell

His daughter, Catherine Russell, is a jazz singer.

Recently she uploaded a rare clip about her father and Louis Armstrong on YouTube.

Luis Russell はLouis Armstrong楽団の音楽監督を辞し、1943年から彼自身の新しいバンドを編成しました。
1948年に音楽活動から引退し、61歳の時にニューヨークで亡くなりました。
最近、彼の娘であるCatherine RussellがLouis Armstrongを撮影した珍しいビデオを公開しました。

Here is Russell’s Hot Six play “29th And Dearborn”.George Mitchell(cor), Kid Ory(tb), Albert Nicholas(reed),Barney Bigard(ts), Luis Russell(p), Johnny St. Cyr(bj)(Chicago,March 10,1926)

Here is Luis Russell, Carline Ray, Louis Armstrong,Catherine Russell from Home Movies

Luis Russell(4)

April 06.2017

1929 was a big year for the Luis Russell Orchestra.

By 1929 Russell’s band had some musician such strong soloists as trombone J.C. Higginbotham and trumpeter Henry ‘Red’ Allen.

Photo above of J.C. Higginbotham

They recorded a dozen records that are considered some of the first and best examples of Swing music.

The band had a distinctive that combined the solos and drive of New Orleans jazz with the riffs and ensembles of swing.

Henry ‘Red’ Allen fronting Luis Russell’s Orchestra. L-R Jimmy Archey, Bill Coleman, Luis Russell, Bill Dillard, Will Johnson, Henry ‘Red’ Allen, Paul Barbarin, Albert Nicholas, ‘Pops’ Foster, Henry ‘Moon’ Jones and Greely. Photo from Ride, Red, Ride: The Life of Henry ‘Red’ Allen by John Chilton.

Some of these performances are now considered jazz classics.

Also the band started backing up Louis Armstrong on a few of his early orchestra recordings.

Luis Russell, piano, Paul Barbarin, drums, Pops Foster, bass, Lee Blair, guitar.
by courtesy of http://www.jazzhound.net © Mark Berresford

Then Louis Armstrong with the Luis Russell Orchestra had a long tour through the South.

That tour was the beginning of a lifelong friendship between Russell and Armstrong that never wavered.

Louis Armstrong took over the Luis Russell Orchestra for his rise to stardom.

So Luis Russell accomplished as the musical director for the next eight years.

1929年頃のバンドにはJ.C. Higginbotham やHenry ‘Red’ Allenといった強力なメンバーが在籍していました。バンドはニューオーリンズジャズのソロとドライブを基本にリフとアンサンブルを組み合わせた独特の特徴を持っていました。その後、Louis Armstrongのバックバンドとして活動していました。1935年、サッチモはLuis Russell Orchestraを傘下に収めました。
Luis Russellはサッチモを補佐し、その後8年間音楽監督を務めました。

Here is Luis Russell and His Orchestra play “Saratoga Shout”.

Here is Luis Russell Orchestra with Chris Bullock(vocal) play “Goin’ To Town” (1931).

Here is Luis Russell’s Orchestra with Henry Allen(vocal) play “You Rascal, You”. (1931)

Here is Luis Russell’s Orchestra with Chick Bullock(vocal) play “Say The Word” (1931).

Bud Freeman(3)

March 29.2017

Photo by courtesy of Mule Walk & Jazz Talk

Austin High Gangs were so inspired by New Orleans jazz that came up the river to Chicago in the early 1920s.

Bud Freeman and the McPartland brothers went the Lincoln Gardens on the South Side of Chicago in 1923.

Photo above of Jimmy Macpartland

Entertainment Ad for the Lincoln Gardens(1922), Image courtesy of The Chicago Defender.

They heard Louis Armstrong with King Oliver for the first time.

In those days the place was a “blacks-only” club.

Fortunately the bouncer did not notice them.

Photo above of King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band(1923) by courtesy of Frank Driggs Collection.

Freeman later said, “I knew at once I was hearing a master. Louis was the great American voice—a genius—and his guide and idol was King Oliver, and nothing would ever be the same again.”

Also Bix Biederbecke had a huge influence on the young Chicagoans.

Photo above of Bix Beiderbecke

Bud Freeman was one of the flame for the New Orleans’ origins of Dixieland.

In addition Austin high school gangs put emphasis harder, faster, more focused on personality and soloing than ensembles.

So their music attracted others who enjoyed palling around and blowing free.

Bud Freemanは1920年代初頭に本物のNew Orleans jazzに傾倒しました。
彼はJimmy McPartland兄弟を誘い、黒人専用の「Lincoln Gardens」に出演していたKing Oliver率いるLouis Armstrong を聞きに行きました。Bud Freemanは二人の演奏に深い感動を覚えたそうです。又、Bix Biederbeckeも新しい音楽を志す彼らに大きな影響を与えました。
彼らの演奏スタイルは「アンサンブルよりもソロ」「より強く、より速く」を重視しました。

Here is Bud Freeman plays ”China Boy” (1940).

Here is Bud Freeman pLays “But Not for Me”.